Outdoor Play – Resources for Parents & Caregivers

Outdoor Play – Resources for Parents & Caregivers
Share this on...

Quick Read Resources and Tips

Access to active play and outdoors – and its risks – is essential for healthy child development.

– Position Statement on Active Outdoor Play

Find it here

Below you will find a selection of resources and info sheets to get your started or enhance your use of Outdoor Play in your household.  

Many of the resources are one-page handouts with tips or suggestions for how to give your kids the fullest benefits of outdoor play. Here’s a brief infographic that captures the role of the adult to support play. We have also included a list of great go-to online resources for when you want to dig a little deeper. 

Some of the resources will be repeated under different headings so you can quickly find everything available for the heading you select.

FIND THE BELOW INFOGRAPHIC HERE


 

Why Outdoor Play

Play

Play is a universal, developmentally appropriate, culturally relevant expression of childhood. It is commonly spontaneous, fun, freely chosen and child-directed. 

Play provides unique physical, mental, emotional, social and cognitive health benefits through physical activity, problem solving, conflict resolution, social skill development, and overcoming fears. Here is a quick overview of The Developmental Benefits of Play.

Play is an essential part of every child’s healthy development. Children and youth need the time, appropriate space and permission to engage in quality play.

Play is what children and youth do when they follow their own instincts, ideas and interests, in their own way, and for their own reasons.

 

Outdoor Play

Outdoor Play is play that takes place outside and includes concepts of risky play and nature play. Outdoor play commonly includes light, moderate, and/or vigorous physical activity.  It often happens where natural elements are present  such as water and mud, rocks, hills, forests, and natural loose parts, such as sticks, pine cones, leaves, grass etc. It is commonly self-directly and exploratory.

Outdoor Play often includes an element of risk.  Risks help children develop – hazards are unknown safety issues adults need to address (see below for more information). Adventurous or risky play is thrilling and exciting forms of play that involve uncertainty and a risk of physical injury. Risky play provides opportunities for challenge, testing limits, exploring boundaries and learning about injury risk.  What is considered risky is different for each child. See here for a good overview of risky play.

Source: Above definitions adapted from Outdoor Play Canada Glossary of Terms. For more info go to outdoorplaycanada.ca


One resource specific for parents and caregivers is a ‘choose your own adventure’ online learning tool that helps you learn about the benefits of outdoor play and about adventurous or risky play. 

Check it out @ outsideplay.ca


The Benefits of Outdoor Play

“Play is often talked about as if it were a relief from serious learning.  But for children play is serious learning.  Play is really the work of childhood”

Mr. Rogers

Position-Statement-on-Active-Outdoor-Play: This is the go-to statement on the importance of Active Outdoor Play in Canada. Created in 2015, it used the best evidence available to outline the benefits of outdoor play and the risks of keeping our kids indoors. It applied to kids 3-12. The statement offers recommendations for action for all those involved in our children’s live – from parents, to schools to municipalities. 

The Developmental Benefits of Play: A one-page handout that outlines the cognitive, emotional, physical and social skills developed through play. Applies most readily to ages 0-5, but applicable beyond those ages.

Facts vs. Myths of Unstructured Play: A one-page handout from the Canadian Public Health Association. It provides a quick-look balanced view on the risks vs. benefits of unstructured play.

9 Common Play Patterns (aka. schemas):  Knowing the common play patterns of children sheds light on how they learn through play. In knowing these patterns, also called ‘schemas’, an adult can permit, enable and sometimes redirect learning through play. 


Outdoor Play Canada has a great list of resources and tools about Risk-Benefit Assessment for professionals.


Loose Parts

What are Loose Parts?

Loose parts are open ended materials that can be moved, carried,combined, redesigned, lined up, and taken apart and put back together in multiple ways . Loose parts can be used alone or combined with other materials. There is no set of specific directions for materials that are considered loose parts. The child is the direction.

 

Loose Part Handouts

Fact Sheet – Loose Parts – A quick overview of what Loose Parts are all about. 

Loose Parts Sample Lists to get you started:

    • A one page chart for easy reference and sharing.
    • A basic but comprehensive list of Loose Parts of items to source as you build your loose parts inventory. 

Sourcing Loose Parts:  a quick go-to list of Nova Scotian stores and locations where you could possibly source your loose parts. Some are through diversion of waste, donations and some are through purchase.

Loose Parts Tips – Provides details on Storage, How to Introduce and examples of Loose Parts.  A handy reference resource (3 pages) for when you first delve into loose parts. It is oriented towards organizations or schools but can benefits households too. This expanded version includes an outline of the benefits of loose parts.

Loose Parts_Basics:  a basic overview of loose parts, how they benefit children and what they might include.

Using Loose Parts for Learning  – one page overview.

 

Loose Parts Videos

There are some great overview videos on loose parts. While most videos are for schools or childcare centers they offer a great overview of loose parts. The info is easily applicable to a home setting.

Some videos give you specific advice on how to integrate loose parts. Others demonstrate both visually and through commentary the vast benefits of loose parts on child development through play.

Here is a list of some of our favorite videos:

Evergreen Canada has created a great series of short videos on loose parts and outdoor play. Many use an Ottawa school as the demonstrate site.  They can found on their youtube channel here.

Earth Day Canada has a great introductory video on loose parts. Educators select their favorite loose part, why kids love it and also discuss and show storage ideas and safety.

ScrapStore Playpods video from the UK is a longer video (9 minutes) that shows the use of loose parts at a concrete school playground. It provides a great overview of the benefits of loose parts for learning through play, inter-age interaction and positive behaviour. They also comment on the initial hesitation of staff and the progressive buy-in based after seeing the benefits for the kids and classroom behaviour.

Adventurous and Risky Play

Adults are responsible for hazards. Risks help children develop.

Hazard: A danger in the environment that could seriously injure or endanger a child and is beyond the child’s capacity to recognize. It is the adult’s responsibility to identify and address hazards

Risk: The challenges and uncertainties within the environment that a child can recognize and learn to manage by choosing to encounter them while determining their own limits.

Canada’s Active Outdoor Play Position Statement states that:

access to active play in nature and outdoors – with its risks – is essential for healthy child development, and that opportunities for self-directed play outdoors should be increased in all.


 

Outdoor Play Canada has a great list of resources and tools about Risk-Benefit Assessment for professionals.


 

Defining Play

For a basic overview of key concepts and definitions review this document (2 page).

For the full Glossary of Terms as provided by Outdoor Canada please visit their website.

Risky Play Defined:

Risky Play is thrilling and exciting forms of play that involve uncertainty and a risk of physical injury.

  • Risky play provides opportunities for challenge, testing limits, exploring boundaries and learning about injury risk.
  • Risky play is subjective and changes for each child.
  • Risky play can be categorized as: 1. play with great heights, 2. play with high speed, 3. play with dangerous tools, 4. play near dangerous elements, 5. rough-and-tumble play, and 6. play where the children can “disappear”/get lost. (see Outdoor Play Canada Glossary of Terms)

Handouts

6 types of Adventurous Play:_ A one pager on the commonly used categories of Adventurous and Risky Play by leading academic E. Sandseter.

Hazard vs. Risk Poster: A basic one page poster with definitions. 

Popping the Bubble Wrap: A great article (2015) for professionals and caregivers on why the Injury Prevention sector sees outdoor play and risky play as essential to injury prevention and healthy child development.

Risk_vs_Hazard: A professional overview (2 page) from the Canadian Public Health Association on why play is essential for children to develop resiliency and risk management skills that support them in adulthood.

Adult Role in Outdoor Play

“Children need the freedom and time to play.  Play is not a luxury.  Play is a necessity”

– Kay Redfield Jamison

Adult Role in Outdoor Play infographic: All the tips into one spot. 

The 3 content pieces included in the infographic are:

  • 4 things Adults need to offer to foster outdoor play
  • Taking a Lifeguard Approach: Observe, Check-in, Intervene when necessary
  • What to do in the moment: 6 tips 

Click here to access the infographic

Quick Hits - Compiled One Page Handouts

 

Quick Hit Handouts

Adult Role in Outdoor Play infographic

How to dress for outdoor play

Hazard vs. Risk Poster (basic)

Fact Sheet – Mud Play

Fact sheet – Outdoor play

Fact sheet – Loose Parts

Fact sheet – Construction Play

Fact sheet – Art

What-to-Say-Instead-of-_Be-Careful_

6 types of Adventurous Play

Physical Literacy_Infographic

Position-Statement-on-Active-Outdoor-Play

The Developmental Benefits of Play

Facts vs. Myths of Unstructured Play

9 Common Play Patterns

Lifeguard Approach – Observe, Check-in, Intervene if necessary

What to do in the moment_- 6 Tips for Adults

The Adult’s Role in Outdoor Play_- 4 things to offer

24 Hour_Guidelines: Sit, Step, Sweat, Sleet for ages 0-4  

24 Hour_Guidelines: Sit, Step, Sweat, Sleep for ages 5-17 

 


Outdoor Play infographics: A basic google search of ‘outdoor play infographic’ will offer you a few options.  The 2015 ParticipACTION report has a great one here. Another one on the Benefits of Outdoor Play can be found here.

Outdoor Play Canada is a great spot for additional resources.


 

Other

 

24-hour Guidelines: Sit, Step, Sweat, Sleep

These Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines show there is an important relationship between how much sleep, sedentary behaviour and physical activity children get in a 24-hour period.

These guidelines were developed by a team of researchers under the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP).

Popping the Bubble Wrap: A great article (2015) for professionals and caregivers on why the Injury Prevention sector sees outdoor play and risky play as essential to injury prevention and healthy child development.

Physical Literacy: Building Skills from Basic to Capable

Physical literacy is the motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge, and understanding to value and take responsibility for engagement in physical activities for life.”

– The International Physical Literacy Association, May 2014.

Physical Literacy_Infographic: a one page handout to explain why literacy also applies to learning physical skills.

What physical skills should a child have and by what age?  Here is a clear and great one page chart (called the ‘Physical Development and Acquisition of Motor Skills in Children’ chart) outlines the progression of physical skills from crawling to jumping to skating to skipping and throwing. 

A great Canadian tool on putting Physical Literacy into practice for Early Childhood Educators. (York University)

Active For Life: A great online repository of simple activities and information for parents and community about physical literacy

Go-to Online Resources

Canadian Resources

OutdoorPlayCanada: the website has a great list of resources. This is network of leaders and organizations working together to galvanize an outdoor play movement across Canada.

Dr. Mariana Brussoni: Dr. Brussoni is a leading voice on Outdoor Play in Canada. You can find many of her newsletter articles and academic articles online through a simple google search. She is part of the Outdoor Play Canada team.

Evergreen Foundation: A Canadian non-profit dedicated to ecological research, design and collaborative initiatives. By improving the interconnections and interdependencies between people, nature, and the built world, Evergreen helps cities thrive in a sustainable. They have great resources on Outdoor Learning and Play.

The Lawson Foundation: A leader in funding and researching Outdoor Play, the Foundation website is a good spot to learn about what others are doing and learn about how others are advancing outdoor play in Canada.

Active For Life: A great repository of simple activities and information for parents and community about physical literacy

ParticipACTION: A Canada national non-profit organization that promote healthy living and physical fitness.  Every year they put out a Report Card on how active Canadians are across the lifespan. Often their results are broken down into age categories and include information on outdoor play.

Canadian Public Health Association: Here you will find professional resources and researched summary on key topics related to Outdoor Play.

 

Nova Scotian Resources

PlayOutsideNS: a great Nova Scotian site promoting play in the province. A good spot to hear local stories and voices as well as learn about events.  Playgroundology is another site that promotes play in the province.

 

International Resources

Play Wales: this site promotes the awareness of children and young people’s need and right to play. They have endless easy-to-read resources and background info on everything you need to know about the importance of play.

24 Hour Guidelines - Sit, Step, Sweat, Sleep

These Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines show there is an important relationship between how much sleep, sedentary behaviour and physical activity children get in a 24-hour period.

24 Hour_Guidelines: Sit, Step, Sweat, Sleet for ages 0-4  

24 Hour_Guidelines: Sit, Step, Sweat, Sleep for ages 5-17 

These guidelines were developed by a team of researchers under the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP). They also have guidelines for ages 18-64 and for 65 years and older.

Planning and Doing - More Resources

Here are a few great resources or tools that can help you move from idea to practice. 

Nature-Play_Flashcards – A great set of flashcard ideas for outdoor activities. These are great for service providers or caregivers/parents. Created by Alberta Parks and Recreation.

Landscapes and Child Development: a comprehensive and great resource on designing your landscape to foster child development through play. It will offer a good sense of concepts to consider as well as technical advice. This was written by Heidi Campbell a Landscape Architect AND Early Childhood Educator. It was created by Evergreen and the Toronto District School Board.

Think this is worth sharing...?Share on Facebook
Facebook
0Tweet about this on Twitter
Twitter
Email this to someone
email

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *